Monday, March 31, 2008

Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas

The latest Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) have now been released. With information available at the Local Government Area (LGA) and Census Collection District (CD) level, SEIFA is a popular and unique source of information on relative socio-economic disadvantage.

SEIFA is a suite of four summary measures that have been created from 2006 Census information. For each index, every geographic area in Australia is given a SEIFA score which shows how disadvantaged that area is compared with other areas in Australia.

SEIFA is calculated on a range of variables from the 2006 Census. Each index summarises a different aspect of the socio-economic conditions of people living in an area. The indexes broadly compare areas and therefore areas ranked at the top and bottom are likely to show similar levels of advantage or disadvantage.
  • The Index of Relative Socio-economic Disadvantage is a general socio-economic index that summarises a range of information about the economic and social resources of people and households within an area. Unlike the other indexes, this index includes only measures of relative disadvantage;

  • The Index of Relative Socio-economic Advantage and Disadvantage also summarises information about the economic and social resources of people and households within an area. It includes both relative advantage and disadvantage measures;

  • The Index of Economic Resources focuses on the general level of access to economic resources of people and households within an area;

  • The Index of Education and Occupation focuses on the general level of education and occupation-related skills of people within an area.

To help you understand the SEIFA indexes, the ABS has released two papers:

For a brief summary selection of the most advantaged and disadvantaged areas around Australia see the ABS SEIFA media release.

No comments: